first_imgVinkovci. The oldest city in Europe. The birthplace on which the Sopot culture flourished. This is where it all started.Located in an attractive location on the northern edge of the Bosut lowlands, they have always attracted more people. The continuity of existence, under this or another name, is 8.300 years old, while its longest history is recorded in the Neolithic, or Neolithic. Also, Vinkovci is from 6.300 BC. Kr. meeting place of many cultures: Sopot, Baden, Lasinja, Kostalačka, Vučedol, Vinkovci, Vatina, Belegiš, Celtic-La Tène, Roman, Avar-Slavic and later, he states in his book “Stari Vinkovci” Martin Grgurovac.He was found in Vinkovci the oldest Indo-European calendar, the so-called Orion with prominent astronomical symbols on it. This extremely valuable and significant vessel was found by dr.sc. Aleksandar Durman in 1978 on the site of today’s Hotel Slavonia, while the creation of the mentioned artifact is dated to the time of the Sumerian and Egyptian calendars.In the last quarter of the 8th year BC. Kr. the Romans came to the area of ​​Vinkovci. In the area of ​​earlier prehistoric cultures, the then Cibalae were formed, which were named after the pre-Roman name for the hill. Over time, Cibalae became an increasingly important Roman center, and gave birth to as many as two Roman emperors: Valens and Valentinian.During the reign of Emperor Hadrian, Vinkovci received the status of a municipality, and in the time of the North and his son Karakula, the status of a colony. Until after 378, when the reign of the Western Goths ended with the rule of Cibala. Numerous Germanic tribes, such as the Huns, the Gepids and the Eastern Goths, settled in the area of ​​the city.Despite everything, the Roman Empire left a lot of material evidence of its existence on this coast of Bosut, and this is confirmed by the last two archaeological sites. It was found in one a collection of ancient silver of great cultural value, and in another early Christian complex from the 4th and 5th centuries.Vinkovci’s ancient collection of silver consists of forty-six items, of which forty-five are silver and one undecorated gem made of semi-precious onyx stone. The most significant item in the pantry and one of the most significant late antique items ever found is certainly Tantalus’ bowl, and a tray depicting a shepherd and a building stands out.”It is silver that is a thousand and a half years old. Its market value is around 200 to 250 million kuna, and after the conservation, the price will continue to rise. Thus, the material value of silver is enormous, while its cultural value is invaluable. This is not only the heritage of the Republic of Croatia, but of the entire human race”, Explained the archaeologist and curator of the Archaeological Department of the City Museum in Vinkovci Hrvoje Vulić.CSI: ForumCibale continues to fascinate the public, so four years ago the City of Vinkovci, as part of the plan to restore the central city park in the city center, conducted preliminary geophysical surveys, which sought to determine what is below that historic area without trial archaeological research.Namely, according to the preserved records from the 18th century, it was recorded that the soldiers had to fill the remains of the Roman walls with sand for the purpose of building a training ground and a parade area at that location. This is the reason why the City of Vinkovci ordered recordings from the Slovenian company Gearh doo, in order to determine the existence of architectural remains from the Roman period.Based on the results of geophysical surveys, archaeologists from the Vinkovci Museum conducted soundings in the park and found remains of architecture and movable finds in almost all of the soundings. The most notable finding is that in the triangle between the Vinkovci Museum, the court and the parish court, an ancient forum was buried, ie the ancient central town square where all major and public events in the Roman city took place.”In 2015, we started researching the area of ​​the park on Ban Josip Šokčević Square and found excellently preserved architecture at several locations, with special emphasis on the area in front of the museum, court and parish court. This is a large open paved area where we found the remains of an altar, and this fits in with the previous data we have. Namely, from the time of construction of today’s court building in the late 60’s, we have a record that a large Roman inscription was built into the foundations, which is most likely the foundation of the imperial pillar. Imperial pillars were usually found on the forum. It also fits in with the discovery of the city’s main road, a 1993 discovery following research conducted on the building of today’s Foto Rachel. Having confirmed the existence of an open paved space, we can finally confirm that the Roman Forum is located on the northwest corner of Ban Josip Šokčević Square.”, Vulić summarized this extraordinary discovery.The position of the main Roman square in Cibale has been one of the key issues addressed by many researchers for many years. There were several assumptions, but they all more or less revolved around the space of today’s central city park. The park is one of the few places in the city where nothing has been built in recent history, which served as an indication that beneath the surface are preserved Roman architecture. Also, Vulić pointed out, the area of ​​the square would be an ideal place for the presentation of the found ancient material. Despite the fact that this is an urban protected area, the City of Vinkovci supports this project and expressed a desire to provide these valuable archaeological sites to citizens and the rest of those interested in a worthy presentation of Roman architecture.In the following, the museum wants to conduct additional research at these locations and then, as far as possible, make its presentation to the public. In the near future, new protective research will be carried out, which means opening the mentioned area and researching the space under it.”We hope to collect new valuable materials. The most significant discovery in this research venture would be the eventual discovery of preserved parts or entire imperial sculptures and inscriptions. This is valuable information and matter that we chronically lack in the area of ​​Cibala”, Concluded Vulić.RELATED NEWS:VINKOVCI AS THE OLDEST CITY IN EUROPE MUST BE THE MAIN STAR OF EUROPEAN TOURISMSPECTACULAR DISCOVERY IN CROATIA – THE OLDEST CALENDAR IN EUROPE FOUND!STUDY “BRANDING OF VINKOVAC AS A TOURIST DESIRABLE DESTINATION”TOURISTS IN SEARCH OF TRUE ROMAN TREASURElast_img