A community of chimps in West Africa is partial to the occasional alcoholic beverage. There are “behavioral signs of inebriation (intoxication, excitement),” note researchers, according to The Guardian.In Bossou in southeast Guinea, villagers tap into the trunks of raffia palms to drain off the sap into plastic containers fitted to the trees. These sugary fluid ferments, result in a lightly alcoholic “palm wine” that is collected and consumed. But when the humans are away, the local chimps will occasionally come in for a tipple, using leaves to scoop up tasters of the beverage. “When I first observed the behavior it immediately sparked my interest,” says Kimberley Hockings, a behavioral ecologist at Oxford Brookes University in the UK. But as she’d only seen the chimps sampling the palm wine on a few occasions, she approached others who’ve worked on this community over the past 20 years and got them to dig into their notebooks for similar records. The result is a collaborative paper published today in the Royal Society’s open-access journal Open Science based on 51 wine-drinking events.With an average ethanol content of three percent, the palm wine is of similar strength to a weak beer. “When the sap is fresh, it’s quite sweet and tastes very pleasant,” says Hockings. But it ferments very quickly. “After 24 hours it turns very acidic and vinegary and from my perspective is undrinkable,” she says. The strongest sample collected by the researchers came in at almost 7 percent alcohol by volume, which would presumably pack quite a punch for an animal that’s half the size of a human. Hockings and her colleagues estimate that the leafy receptacles probably convey between 10 and 50 ml at a time and the chimps make a dip every 6 or 7 seconds. So in a swift session of about minute, a chimp would consume around 100 ml of palm wine or 3 ml of ethanol. But the longest recorded binge lasted more than 30 minutes, during which time the chimp might have taken on as much as 3 liters of wine and 90 ml of ethanol. Even by the most excessive of human standards, this is a serious bender. Combing through the supplemental data, I notice that it was this same chimp – a male known affectionately as FF – that was responsible for approximately one-third of the 51 drinking events. I asked Hockings if he might have a drink problem, but she is careful not to cast aspersions. “I don’t think it’s an addiction, as he drinks it rarely,” she says. “But, anecdotally, he always drinks palm wine when it is available and is often the first to climb the raffia.”In the discussion to the paper, Hockings and her colleagues touch on what everyone will be wondering. “Some of the chimpanzees at Bossou consumed significant quantities of ethanol and displayed behavioral signs of inebriation,” they write. When I read this, I pictured a whole load of debauched chimps, slurring their pant-hoots and tumbling out of trees, but Hockings’ stories are disappointingly sober. On one occasion, she saw several chimps conclude a drinking session by having a rest. On another, an adult male was not his usual self after a drink. “Whilst other chimpanzees were making and settling into their night nests, he spent an additional hour moving from tree to tree in an agitated manner,” she says.All of this is more than just a description of a few wayward animals. The occasional boozing of Bossou chimps supports molecular evidence that the ability to metabolize alcohol appeared in the common ancestor of humans and chimps about 10 million years ago. So chimps have a grasp of cooking and can drink quite considerable quantities of alcohol. “What chimp-based surprise will I be writing about next week, I wonder?” Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
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National Day of Villages 2018 was observed on November 7 at the Hydronie Play Ground in Essequibo Islands-West Demerara (Region Three). As part of the celebration a medical outreach was conducted and 60 senior citizens received food hampers through a joint effort between the Ministry of Communities and the Regional Administration.Regional Executive Officer Denis Jaikaran who distributed the hampers to some of the recipients noted that seniors are instrumental to the region’s development and must never be forgotten.National Day of Villages 2018 was observed on November 7 at the Hydronie PlayREO Denis Jaikaran and DREO Jennifer Ferreira-Dougall, donating a hamper to Myrtle CalderaGround in Essequibo Islands-West Demerara (Region Three). As part of the celebration a medical outreach was conducted and 60 senior citizens received food hampers through a joint effort between the Ministry of Communities and the Regional Administration.Regional Executive Officer Denis Jaikaran who distributed the hampers to some of the recipients noted that seniors are instrumental to the region’s development and must never be forgotten.REO Denis Jaikaran and DREO Jennifer Ferreira-Dougall, donating a hamper to Myrtle Caldera. REO Denis Jaikaran presenting one of the seniors with her hamper. Edna Mounter is all smiles as she receives her hamper from REO Denis Jaikaran and DREO Jennifer Ferreira-Dougall.Myrtle Caldera from Stanleytown in expressing her appreciation said, “I am very happy to know that recognition is given to me for my services to this country.”The 60 recipients of the food hampers were drawn from the fourteen Neighbourhood Democratic Councils (NDCs) across the region.
…has a track record and I am giving the evidence of it – JagdeoThe Public Infrastructure Ministry under the helm of Minister David Patterson, is accused of deliberately tampering with the procurement process in order to ensure contracts are handed out to favoured contractors.Former President Bharrat Jagdeo on Wednesday met with members of the localOpposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeopress corps at his Church Street Office and provided documentation to this effect.Jagdeo told reporters the Ministry has adopted a strategy where it advertises and invites persons to bid for projects but at the last minute, annul the process. The Ministry would then go on to negotiate a contract with a chosen ‘cronies’, according to Jagdeo.As he sought to outline the Administration’s penchant for annulling the process and then opting to negotiate with favoured contractors, the Opposition Leader said this does not obtain only in the case of the well-publicised Feasibility Report for thePublic Infrastructure Minister David Pattersonnew Demerara River bridge.The Opposition Leader supplied media operatives with a paper trail for other contracts which clearly shows the Ministry annulling the process before going on to select favoured contractors.One such project involved the multimillion-dollar reconstruction of the Administrative Blocks for the Georgetown prison – being undertaken by the Public Infrastructure Ministry and not the Public Security Ministry.A total of 20 companies had been shortlisted from a prequalification process and were invited by the Permanent Secretary, Geoffrey Vaughn.According to documentation seen by Guyana Times, the Permanent SecretaryPermanent Secretary Geoffrey Vaughninvited the 20 companies to conduct a site visit on July 27, 2017 and were to respond by the following day on whether or not they would be submitting a bid for the project.The visit was the following day rescheduled by the Ministry’s Work Services Group Manager, for Procurement and Contracts, Philip Bryan.The procurement manager, by way of email, a copy of which was seen by this publication, indicated that the site visit for the project was rescheduled for the following day, Friday, July 27, 2017.On July 28, 2017, Permanent Secretary Vaughn wrote again to the bidders saying, “the Ministry regrets to inform you that a decision was taken by the executing agency to annul this bid.”Vaughn, in giving reason, points to its clause which speaks to the “Employer’s right to accept any bid and to reject any or all bids.”Another such project for which Jagdeo presented documentation in defence of his claims related to the pedestrian overpasses being constructed along the East Bank corridors.In January of this year, bids were opened at the National Procurement and Tender Administration Board (NPTAB) at which point it was determined that 16 companies had submitted their bids.In March, the Permanent Secretary wrote to the companies informing them that the contract had been awarded to B&J Civil Works.Vaughn, in his missive to bidders, noted “accordingly, please be advised that your Bid Bon is released and accordingly, you are released from any performance under this bid.”The Permanent Secretary three days later wrote to the company indicating that the process had been annulled.According to Jagdeo, “they annul the bid process after they award the contract… another set of corruption in the same Ministry.”The Opposition Leader was adamant too that the Ministry needs to come clean and explain what was currently happening with the feasibility study for the Wismar/Mackenzie Bridge in Linden, Region 10 (Upper Demerara-Berbice).He recalled that Minister Patterson’s web of lies had entangled this project too since he had claimed that it was being funded by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) but this turned out not to be the case.Patterson had also erroneously claimed that the IDB was also funding the feasibility report for the new Demerara River bridge.Jagdeo told reporters that ever since November last year the tenders had been opened for the feasibility study for the Wismar/Mackenzie Bridge.“How come from November 30, 2016, to now they have not awarded this contract for the Wismar Bridge,” the Opposition Leader questioned.The former President was adamant, “we are getting a bunch of lies and corruption, unbelievable levels of corruption in this Ministry.”He told media operatives the Administration has developed a modus operandi where it has a penchant for annulling tenders, “when the desired person doesn’t get the bid, win the bid, one of their cronies.”Jagdeo recalled too that the same practice obtained by the David Patterson run Ministry for the multibillion-dollar Sherriff Street upgrade.The Opposition Leader told media operatives this practice is also employed by the Administration for a range of other projects, such as a recent award for a contract for a water treatment plant, and projects at the Guyana Power and Light Inc, among others.With regards the sudden cancellation of the Vehicular Overpass that was announced, Jagdeo suggested that none of the favoured bidders had been successful and this was why the project was scrapped and that it had nothing to do with the reasons offered.The Ministry recently indicated that the land earmarked for the project had in fact been sold in a private arrangement.Jagdeo is, however, not buying the argument and questioned why Government was not simply going to buy back the land as was the case with the new Demerara River brisge.“Assuming it’s sold, why did you not check that before you went out to tender, and secondly what’s wrong with acquiring the land now…this’s another excuse for annulling that tender,” Jagdeo questioned.The Opposition Leader charged too that the roundabout being constructed by that Ministry in the vicinity of the Kitty seawall is another project tainted by corruption under Patterson.According to Jagdeo, this project being executed to the tune of hundreds of millions of dollars was also not subject to public tender.“This Ministry has a track record and I am giving the evidence of it; we have shown several bids now, I am not just talking off the top of my head…you have at least 10 cases of tampering with the bidding process, at least 10 cases before you now,” Jagdeo charged, adding that his references were but a mere sampling of such documented cases.“This is not an exhaustive list. It is just indicative of the corruption at the Ministry of the Public Infrastructure… the Ministry is spending money in a reckless way. It does not know what it is doing. It is corrupt to the core,” he said.
Clinton Green helped spearhead the skateboard park project. He says he’s proud that the work is done and looks forward to the community being able to take advantage of the park.“I’m super excited about it, I’m glad it’s finally at this point,” he says. “We don’t have to tell people to leave and get out before it was opened, and now it’s open to the public. Green adds the project got started with the help of friend, Adam Kirschner as they brought the idea forward to the city. They also had a lot of help from the local community.- Advertisement -“We approached the city for approval to get the project going. Once that was a go, then we presented for the land, did some grant writing and approached other groups to support us, and we got the support, and made it happen,” he explains. “We formed a committee of skateboarders, BMX users and scooters, and pretty much ages from 10-25.”Kirschner adds that it was great to see so many people out on the first day of the park being open.“It’s good to see, there’s people chucking themselves all over the place already,” he admits. “Everyone’s really excited. I remember what this was like when I was young. I couldn’t say that I’m not as excited as them.”Advertisement The park being built, according to Kirschner was more of a necessity than a desire for the local skating community.“I never had any doubt, because I knew it needed to happen,” he says. “It wasn’t a matter of want, it was a matter of I knew it needed to happen. You look at how many kids are here, there’s no way they fit, there’s no way that it could function. There’s a high population of people who bike, scooter, and skateboard now that there is in most organized sports, especially in North Eastern B.C.”The skate park committee has more space reserved heading east of the park up 93rd Avenue for expanding the park. It’s hoped within five to ten years, the park will undergo an expansion phase to meet the demands of the growing population.
Former Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell is confident his investigation into steroid use in baseball will yield the truth of what went on, even though players aren’t rushing to cooperate. Mitchell said his investigators have talked to hundreds of witnesses and reviewed thousands of documents. He said the investigation, while proceeding “at full steam,” is being slowed down because he does not have the power to subpoena witnesses or documents, making its work “extremely difficult.” A former federal judge, Mitchell said the use of performance-enhancing drugs not only is a federal crime, but also “an egregious form of cheating.” “And the principal victims of the cheating are the players who don’t cheat,” said Mitchell, adding that the majority of players, who don’t cheat, are placed at a competitive disadvantage when other players use drugs. Baseball commissioner Bud Selig hired Mitchell just before the 2006 season, following allegations against San Francisco Giants slugger Barry Bonds and others. Baseball and its union did not agree to ban performance-enhancing drugs until after the 2002 season. “This investigation is not just about Barry Bonds. It’s about the whole sport, the whole subject, and everybody about whom allegations have been made and whom I would consider including in my report will be given an opportunity to hear the allegations against them and respond to them in a personal meeting with me,” Mitchell said. “Everyone will have the chance to come in and say what the facts are and respond to any allegations.” Gary Sheffield met with a MLB executive Thursday to discuss recent comments by the Detroit slugger on whether he would cooperate with Mitchell’s investigations. “I believe that despite my lack of subpoena power … that we’ll have a comprehensive report,” Mitchell said Thursday. “What the lack of subpoena power means is it will take longer, not that it will significantly alter the result.” Mitchell, who visited the state Capitol to discuss his scholarship program and meet with politicians, told baseball owners last month that he needs and expects cooperation. He said it’s up to Congress to decide if and when to get involved. Around the horn Travis Lee may miss the first week of the Washington Nationals’ exhibition season with a strained right oblique. Shortstop Michael Young has agreed to a contract extension worth about $80 million over five seasons with the Texas Rangers. Reliever Dustin Hermanson agreed to a minor-league contract Thursday with the Cincinnati Reds, who haven’t yet settled on a closer. Frank Thomas won’t start during Toronto’s first week of exhibition games because his legs aren’t in shape. “I’ve just got to get my legs under me because I didn’t do any running during the off season,” Thomas said Thursday. Tony Gwynn already has a street named in his honor outside Petco Park, and on July 21 the Padres plan to unveil a statue of the Hall of Famer-elect. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
DONEGAL STARS MAKE IT A SPECIAL DAY FOR NAOMH MHUIRE UNDERAGE PLAYERS was last modified: December 23rd, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Naomh Mhuireunderage presentations
One of Donegal’s leading cancer campaigners has criticised the fact that all money raised during Relay for Life will be spent outside Donegal.Cancer campaigner Betty HolmesChairman of Relay for Life Robert O’Connor admitted to Donegal Daily last week that more than €200,000 raised at the event held at LYIT will go to cancer research on a national level.Last year a large percentage of the money raised was guaranteed to be spent on local cancer projects. But now cancer campaigner Betty Holmes has said that some of the cash raised should go towards local cancer projects.“I had strong views on this last year and some folk thought I was “stirring” about my concerns about what the Irish Cancer Relay For Life fundraising would fund in the long term.“The biggest part of money raised in Donegal should be invested in the needs of Donegal cancer patients as close to home as possible.“Research is also vital but there has to be a balance and local daily needs of cancer patients must come far if not top of the list,” she said. She added that Donegal Relay for Life team and everyone involved have did great work and made us all proud to be part of it.But at national level this should make people more aware of the impact cancer has had on Donegal people & their families over many years, she added.“For one thing with the new Daffodil Centre at Letterkenny Hospital coming on board it would have made good economic sense to ensure that money was made available/ ringfenced to pay for the running of the service over the next two/ three years to it is well established.“I hope it won’t be that pressure is put on Donegal people to come up with the funds to keep it going next year now that it is on it’s way. Great work for cancer services is happening with many different folk over many years in Donegal and this ongoing work is very important for the future and shouldn’t get lost either,” she said. CANCER CAMPAIGNER CRITICISES RELAY FOR LIFE CANCER CASH LEAVING DONEGAL was last modified: June 3rd, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Betty HolmesRelay for LifeRobert O’Connor
Making sure that the building work is on course for the grand opening on Saturday November 30 are venue manager Cathal Doyle (right) and Brendan McCusker (left), Group Manager for 1 OAK Leisure Limited which owns Rubys and TIME Bar + Venue in Cookstown.WORK is nearing completion on a new bar and nightclub venue in Strabane that is set to create up to 60 new jobs and attract more visitors to the region. In a £1.5 million investment project, business man Patrick Scullion has acquired what was formerly known as Katy Daly’s in Railway Street and is currently in the process of creating a new 20,000sqft ‘super venue’ for Strabane and its neighbouring areas.The opening of Rubys Bar + Nightclub will create up to 60 new full time and part time jobs which is welcome news for the area following a recent report commissioned by the Northern Ireland Council for Voluntary Action (NICVA) which identified Strabane as one of the council areas which will be hardest hit by the government’s proposed welfare reform. Rubys Nightclub, which officially open its doors on Saturday November 30, will contain two floors with a different music offering on each level and an extensive luxurious beer garden.The Parisian-themed Rubys Bar will open seven days per week from Saturday December 14 and will act as a live music venue that can accommodate up to 500 people for concerts and shows, or a function area that can cater for approximately 100 people for food and beverages. In total, the new super venue will host no fewer than NINE separate bars as well as the beer garden.New owner Patrick Scullion, who comes from a construction background, made a huge impact on the Northern Ireland social scene last year when he opened TIME BAR + VENUE in Cookstown which has fast become one of the province’s most popular nightclubs, attracting customers from all over the province. Mr Scullion hopes that Rubys will replicate the success of its sister venue.“In its heyday, Katy Daly’s was a thriving entertainment complex and one of the top destination venues in the north west of the province,” said Mr Scullion. “We hope to resurrect that business with a new state of the art super venue which will immediately create up to 60 full and part time jobs with the majority of staff coming from the Strabane area. Rubys Bar and Nightclub will operate on the same business model which has seen TIME in Cookstown surpass all of our expectations but with the added benefit of a function room which can cater for private functions or act as a live music venue for local and national bands.”The combined capacity for the new venue entertainment complex will top 1500 people and Mr Scullion hopes to attract customers from all over the North including neighbouring Donegal.“I’m a firm believer that if the product is good enough, then people will come and without doubt, what Rubys has to offer will rival anything else in the province and will give the people of Strabane a venue that they are truly proud to be associated with,” concluded Mr Scullion.Rubys Nightclub will operate a strictly over 18 policy on Friday nights and over 21’s on Saturday nights. A state-of-the-art Funktion One sound system and high-tech lighting system with LED backdrop screens will give top DJs from Ireland and abroad the perfect platform to showcase their talents.According to Patrick Scullion, a host of top national and international DJs have already been lined up for 2014, details of which will be released before the end of the year. Weekly live music will be a feature of Rubys Bar with some of Ireland’s top bands already being pencilled in over the next 12months.Sister venue TIME has also developed an excellent reputation for its food offering which is something Rubys will aim to match with a Gastro Food restaurant opening in late January.BUSINESSMAN SPEAKS OF DELIGHT AT CREATING 60 NEW JOBS IN STRABANE was last modified: November 13th, 2013 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:rubys nightclubSTRABANE JOBS
Didier Hosain from Letterkenny, Co. Donegal has won €25,000 on the National Lottery’s The Million Euro Challenge game show on RTE on Saturday 31st January 2015. Pictured at the presentation of prizes are from left to right: Eddie Banville, Head of Marketing, The National Lottery; Didier Hosain the winning player; Didier’s wife Tina Hosain, who was his guest support on the show and The Million Euro Challenge Host Nicky Byrne. The winning ticket was bought from The Post Office, Belmullet, Ballina, Co. Mayo. Pic: Mac Innes Photography.Two Co Donegal men played the National Lottery’s The Million Euro Challenge game show on RTE on Saturday.Didier Hosain from Letterkenny won €25,000 and Pat Molloy from Dungloe won €22,000.Million Euro Challenge Scratch Cards are on sale at National Lottery agent shops and offer players the chance to win instant prizes of up to €50,000. Three players will be selected each week to appear on The Million Euro Challenge TV Gameshow and one lucky player has the chance to win up to €1 million instantly.The Million Euro Challenge TV Gameshow is based solely on chance and there is no skill involved.Pat Molloy from Dungloe, Co. Donegal has won €22,000 on the National Lottery’s The Million Euro Challenge game show on RTE on Saturday 31st January 2015. Pictured at the presentation of prizes are from left to right: Eddie Banville, Head of Marketing, The National Lottery; Pat Molloy, the winning player, Pat’s daughter Brenda Mc Geehan, who was his guest support on the show and The Million Euro Challenge Host Nicky Byrne. The winning ticket was bought from XL, 101 Lower Main Street,Letterkenny,Co.Donegal. Pic: Mac Innes PhotographyTo enter, players must submit a 3-star Million Euro Challenge Scratch Card in a special envelope, available from all National Lottery Retail Sales Agents.Each Tuesday in National Lottery offices, sixty 3-star entries are drawn randomly in a preliminary draw that takes place under strict security controls. From these 60 entries, three players for the following show are drawn and their names are featured on the gameshow.The three lucky players will each be joined by a friend or family member for support and will play the games Crack The Code and Risky Business to win cash prizes. One lucky player will go on to play Million Euro Challenge for the chance to win up to €1 million. TWO DONEGAL MEN SCOOP €47,000 ON NEW LOTTERY TV SHOW was last modified: February 2nd, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegallottowinners
As Dunfanaghy Jazz & Blues 2019 gets into full swing from tomorrow night (Thursday) this year buses will run from Letterkenny to the seaside village on the Friday and Sunday of the festival.Music fans can now enjoy a hassle-free trip there and back to the famous Jazz & Blues festival with a bus leaving Letterkenny on Friday evening at 7pm and returning at 2am.On Sunday they will run a bus leaving Letterkenny at 2pm and returning at 11pm. Both journeys are just €10 return each and to book your place call Conor on 087 2677074.This year there is a stellar line-up and organisers are aiming to make the event more user friendly and accessible on these days as most event goers already have travel plans or accommodation arranged for the Saturday of the festival.Among this year’s acts are Shawn Jones, Crow Black Chicken, Mirenda Rosenberg and The Unholy Gospel Band and many, many, more.The official festival programme, detailing the 70+ free gigs of the festival, will be available all weekend in the bars and venues in the village priced just €2. All aboard the Dunfanaghy Jazz & Blues Express! was last modified: September 11th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:busCultureDunfanaghy Jazz & Blues 2019festivalMUSIC